OLD – Key Stages 1 to 4 Explained

What are Key Stages?

Key stages at school

Most schools in England follow the National Curriculum. This sets out the subjects that children should be taught, the standards they should reach and when assessment tests will be carried out.

The National Curriculum is organised into Key Stages:

[checklist type=”arrowed”]

  • The Early Years covers children from ages 3 to 5 and includes Reception Year
  • Key Stage 1 is made up of Year 1 and Year 2
  • Key Stage 2 is made up of Year 3, Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6
  • Key Stage 3 covers Year 7, Year 8 and Year 9
  • Key Stage 4 is made up of Year 10 and Year 11 and covers the GCSE years
  • A Levels are taken in Key Stage 5


Key Stages, ages and school years

If you’re confused about which ages match which Key Stages for primary and secondary school in the UK, here’s a handy parents’ guide to the Key Stages of the National Curriculum.

Follow the links to explore how Pinner Tuition Centre’s tutoring programmes could improve your child’s education and confidence.

Age Key Stage School Year State School
4-5 Early Years Reception
5-6 Key Stage 1 Year 1 Phonics Screening Test
6-7 Key Stage 1 Year 2 Teacher Assessment in
English and Maths
7+ Exam
7-8 Key Stage 2 Year 3
8-9 Key Stage 2 Year 4
9-10 Key Stage 2 Year 5
10-11 Key Stage 2 Year 6 SATs in English and Maths 11+ Exam
11-12 Key Stage 3 Year 7 Cognitive Abilities Tests (CATs)
12-13 Key Stage 3 Year 8 Common Entrance
13+ Exam
13-14 Key Stage 3 Year 9
14-15 Key Stage 4 Year 10 Early entry GCSE for some
pupils and subjects
15-16 Key Stage 4 Year 11 GCSEs in English, Maths, Science
and other subjects

Contact Pinner Tuition Centre to supplement your child’s learning with individual tuition by qualified teachers.

[button href=”/contact/” target=”” css_classes=”button_hilite”]Contact Us[/button]


[border margin=”no”][/border]


[column width=”1/3″ position=”first”]

[icon type=”icon-user-3″][/icon] Qualified experienced teachers

[icon type=”icon-clipboard-2″][/icon] Free educational assessment

[icon type=”icon-stats”][/icon] Ofsted Registered Centre


[column width=”1/3″ position=”last”]

[icon type=”icon-addressbook”][/icon] Individually tailored work plans

[icon type=”icon-calendar”][/icon] After school or midweek lessons

[icon type=”icon-coffee-2″][/icon] Comfortable waiting area for parents